Picture of Queen Elizabeth I
 

Elizabethan Politics and Government

  • Interesting Facts and information about Elizabethan Politics and Government in Elizabethan England
  • People and events in Elizabethan England
  • Crimes, Punishments & Executions & Tortures
  • The Law - the Poor Law - Religion & Politics

Picture of Queen Elizabeth I

 
 

Elizabethan Politics and Government

The government of England was led by the famous statesmen and Politicians who acted as the advisors of Queen Elizabeth I. Elizabethan politics and government operated at three levels. The National level (the Privy Council), at Regional levels and at local levels. The Divine Right of Kings gave the Elizabethan monarch immense power and authority. Disobeying the queen was tantamount to treason and was punishable by death.

 
 
 

Elizabethan Elizabethan Politics and Government
The structure of Elizabethan politics and government was as follows:

  • At National level the Elizabethan politicians attended the Privy Council

  • Regional levels such as the Council of the North and the Council of the Marches (Wales)

  • At local level there were representatives who attended Parliament and county levels and the parishes

    • Royal representatives (Justices of the Peace, Sheriffs, and Lords Lieutenant) were appointed in every county. Their role was to ensure that the Queen’s commands and laws were obeyed

 
Elizabethan Elizabethan Politics and Government - The Privy Council
The Privy Council consisted of wealthy, powerful nobles who worked together with the highly intelligent men of the times, not necessarily of noble birth. The Privy Council was ruled by Queen Elizabeth and had less than twenty members. The Privy Council met between three and five days each week. All of the members of the Privy Council were chosen by Queen Elizabeth. The Privy Council were responsible for:
  • Elizabethan Economics
  • Foreign Policy
  • Home Policy
  • Religion
  • Security and Military matters

The Government of England also included the Laws of the Land which were implemented at local levels. The most important court was the infamous Star Chamber which consisted of members of the Privy Council and judged the noble and wealthy.
 

Elizabethan Elizabethan Politics and Government - The Star Chamber
The Star Chamber was an English court of law which was located at the royal Palace of Westminster. The Star Chamber witnessed the most important trials of royalty and nobility between 1487 and 1641. The primary function of the Star Chamber was to hear cases involving political libel, heresy and treason. Being called to attend the Star Chamber was serious, and terrifying. The Star Chamber court sessions were held in secret. The Star Chamber was made up of Privy Counsellors and judges and was set up to ensure the fair enforcement of laws against powerful and prominent people who might not be convicted by ordinary courts. Star Chamber sessions were closed to the public and became greatly feared.

  • The Star Chamber Court had no jury
  • There was no right of appeal
  • There were no witnesses
  • Evidence was given in writing

The powerful Court of the Star Chamber evolved into a political weapon to use against any opponents of the policies of the monarch.

Elizabethan Elizabethan Politics and Government - Parliament
Parliament was attended by a group of representatives and was divided into the House of Lords and the House of Commons.

  • The House consisted of nobility and higher clergy such as bishops and archbishops
  • The House of Commons consisted of common people
  • The Elizabethan Parliament had much limited power. In the Elizabethan era there was no Prime Minister, no cabinet and no political parties.
 

Elizabethan Politics and Government

  • Interesting Facts and information about Elizabethan Politics and Government in Elizabethan England
  • People, events and Elizabethan Politics and Government in Elizabethan England
  • Crimes, Punishments & Executions & Tortures
  • The Law - the Poor Law
  • Religion & Politics
 
 

Queen Elizabeth's Coat of Arms

 

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 Elizabethan Era
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Queen Elizabeth's Coat of Arms

Elizabethan Politics and Government

 

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